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Mathews Name

The Search for the Matthews - Mathews - Mathias - Mattias - Mathis Family

   of Colonial Virginia and Adjacent North Carolina Counties


 

Goal

Our goal is to link the pre-1790 Matthews - Mathews - Mathias - Mattias - Mathis families which are related to one another in order to prove, or disprove, a onomastic name  change for the Matthews Family. We are focusing on Lodowick Matthews because of his unusual given name and the fact that he lived in both Virginia and North Carolina during specific periods of his life. He has been documented as living in the southeastern area of Virginia and, perhaps the northeastern part of North Carolina covered by the counties indicated on the map.

If you have any family links to individuals surnamed Matthews - Mathews - Mathias - Mattias - Mathis in these areas, we would like to collaborate with you. You could have your findings posted by sending your information to the research coordinator. The goal is to form a cluster of individuals in our list based on their relationships to each other. Would heartily welcome the sharing of information. Eventually this could result in extending all of our lines much further back in time.

Site Map

Goal | Purpose | Contact Information | Brief Overview of Work Conducted | List A | Colonial Matthews Families | Life of Lodowick Matthews | Lodowick Mathews and North Carolina | List B | List C | Analysis | Lodowick Matthews Time Line | Ideas | The Name Lodowick | Historical Background | Lodowick as a Surname | Surname Approach | Military Records - War of 1812 | Colonial Matthews Families | Final Misc. Research |

Purpose

The purpose of this web site is to collaborate this research with others. We recognize that different researchers have different pieces of the puzzle, and together we may be able to solve this difficult problem.

Contact Information

Please contact the research coordinator, Lynn Hopewell, at lynn@hopewell.org to collaborate the research.


   

Brief Overview of work Conducted

To initiate this project, research was conducted in the major colonial records of Virginia seeking evidence of the parents and family of Lodowick Matthews (recording all variations of the spelling Matthews and putting them into a database) to prove his parentage and/or his place of birth. He was accepted as being born in 1790 in either Virginia or North Carolina (depending on which source is believed), and died about 1837 in Portsmouth, Norfolk, Virginia. His father was recorded as James Matthews. We have located perhaps two other Lodowick Matthews.

List A

The survey of sources searched prior to 1790 are listed in List A.


 

Colonial Matthews Families

COLONIAL MATTHEWS FAMILIES

   

Life of Lodowick Matthews

Lodowick Mathews’ Children

Information is very contradictory as to whether Lodowick Matthews was born or raised in North Carolina and then moved to Virginia, or whether he was born in Portsmouth and a different Lodowick was born in Gates County, North Carolina. In fact, even his children and grandchildren gave discrepant information regarding the birth places of family members. For example:

As seen on the 1860 federal census for his daughter, Susan Mary Matthews Morris, this daughter Susan is listed as born in North Carolina. As listed on her 1873 death record she is listed as born in Portsmouth, Virginia.

As seen on the 1850 federal census for his son, James Mathews, the son James is born in North Carolina, and as seen on the 1880 census he and his parents are born in Virginia.

In places with an historically recorded "boundary-dispute problem," this type of evidence has been seen before. Perhaps that could explain the discrepancies. The area around the Albemarle sound of North Carolina was an early area of boundary conflict, but we didn’t know if there was any evidence of the Matthews being involved in this area.

As further research was conducted, it was determined that by 1790 the state line should have been established, but if the family was moving back and forth (or up and down the riverways, as the case may be), they may simply not have known what to consider as their place of birth. More historical evidence on this issue will be covered below. Plus, evidence was pointing to the fact that Lodowick was older than the family thought and could have been born ten to twenty years earlier than the year 1790 (again depending on the sources believed).


Lodowick Mathews and North Carolina

If the children were indeed born in North Carolina, then the evidence about Lodowick being born in Virginia may also be in error. The next question is which Lodowick Mathews of the many spellings possible is the correct one. One Loderick Matthews was found at rootsweb:

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~matthews/Loderick_Matthews_2.htm


List B

This information was studied carefully and more sources were added. See List B. Notice that Hugh’s surname has several spellings including Mathis in original records. Mathis or Mathias is a Germanic or Dutch spelling of the name. This could show a possible link to the given name Lodowick which is also a Germanic or Dutch spelling. A Hugh Matthews was transported in the late 1600s and is mentioned in the Mathews Family Database. We mention this since both families have a Lodowick and both are living in the same areas, therefore, it is possible that the two families were related.


List C

Since the above genealogy referenced a Benjamin, father of the other Lodowick, List C covers Benjamin Mathews of Virginia. We were not doing North Carolina records per se in this database except as incidentals at the beginning of the project as that was not the focus in the beginning. However, a few pieces of information are necessary in regard to research done by others and posted online:
 

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There was no Edgecombe County, North Carolina in 1739, so Benjamin did not receive a grant that would be listed in Edgecombe for 1739 as stated in this site, but this is only mentioned to develop some consistency among sources. Appreciation is given for the individuals who put together any information such as this that is shared. The land area would have been recorded in Craven or Bertie counties in 1739. However, by 1746 it was Edgecomb. This land belonged to Lord Granville and clear title to the land was not granted for several years after living there so it is possible for Hugh Matthews to have lived there earlier. If someone has abstracted all the Matthews of various spellings in this area, they could be added to their own cluster area.
 

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One thing confused us. Under the third generation it stated that Benjamin was the son of Benjamin, [the son of Hugh], and it indicated Benjamin had two wives. The Goodspeed History of Southern Ark (1890) identifies Benjamin and wife as natives of Virginia and North Carolina respectively. Doesn’t this infer that Benjamin was a native of Virginia, not North Carolina? Yet Benjamin senior is listed as of Edgecomb and Nash Counties, North Carolina. He was also inferred at being of Halifax County, Virginia during the Revolutionary War.
 

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The area later known as Gates County prior to the Revolutionary War would have been Hertford, Chowan, and Perquimans County, North Carolina. (Which are across the border into the counties we are studying in Virginia). There was a confusion among the people as to whether they were in North Carolina or Virginia originally. Perhaps this is why the census record is giving different birth places. They might know the place (name of the river they lived by, etc.), but had no knowledge of which state the government might think they were from.

In the Web site, the Lodowick Matthews mentioned in this site was granted letters of administration for his father, Benjamin Mathews, and named guardian of sister Sarah Matthews in 1818 in Warren County, Georgia. In 1824 he was released as guardian. Loderick [as it was also spelled] was born 1 Nov 1794 in North Carolina and died 25 Apr 1855. He married Mary Harrell in 1818. In 1820 he was in the Georgia Land Lottery. The Lodowick we were seeking married Barbara Smith in 1814 presumably in Virginia. The other Loderick moved after 1820 to Upson County, Georgia. In 1833 Loderick and Mary Harrell Matthews lived in Russell County, AL. In 1844 they moved to Union County, Arkansas. In 1851 they moved to Jackson County, TX. So this eliminates the other Lodowick Matthews of North Carolina as the one we were seeking, however when are they separated in North Carolina as young men? Are they related because of the name? Is Lodowick a given name from a family’s earlier ancestry?

A few paragraphs in the above website indicated, "Benjamin and his family migrated from Virginia to North Carolina, leaving there around the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries. The 1790 census records for Nash County listed only one Benjamin Matthews in North Carolina with the right number of family members." So there is even a question in the minds of the researchers of this site over the birth place of Benjamin probably due to the dispute land questions and unrecorded records belonging to Lord Granville (one of the proprietors of North Carolina who did not relinquish his lands back to the king as the other proprietors had done) which were not cleared up until after the Revolutionary War when Lord Granville lost all his title to the land. We suggest searching Margaret Hofmann’s collection by location rather than name to find all the entries regarding the land and surrounding lands by associates. Evidence was found on such a boundary dispute. [http://www.wimfamhistory.net/Virginia/virgin03.htm: Early Names . . . Nansemond Co., VA: In September 1663 the other proprietors sent a series of instructions to Sir William Berkeley. Carolina affairs were left almost entirely in the hands of Berkeley as the nearest resident Proprietor, and it was more than two years before those remaining in England showed signs of being aware that the Albemarle region, as the former Carolana area was now called, was not within their domain. On June 13, 1665, they received a new charter making their northern boundary approximately the same as the present North Carolina - Virginia state line. Prior to this, the Virginia counties of Upper Norfolk/Nansemond and Lower Norfolk would have been the repositories for any records relating to the Albemarle region. The oldest known deed for land in North Carolina, dated September 24, 1660, was discovered accidentally in 1965 among Norfolk County records in Chesapeake. It apparently grants the entire tip of the peninsula which is now Pasquotank County to Capt. Nathaniell Batts. It is signed with the mark of Kiscutanewh, King of the Yeopim Indians. There are old Nansemond County deeds relating to land beside Bennetts Creek which refer to the Creek, named for a Governor of Virginia, now in Gates County and not Bennett Creek now in the City of Suffolk (near the mouth of the Nansemond River): this land was considered part of the Upper Parish of Nansemond County until 1728, when the dividing line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina was finally settled.]


Analysis

  1. If there are two Lodowicks then the first one who married Lovisa/Lavisa Foster in 1806 [when "Our" Lodowick would have been 16 years old if born in 1790], was not the one who went to Georgia and on to Texas because he was born in 1794. He would have been 12 years old when married. Rather, it appears that our Lodowick would have married earlier and he could have been born prior to 1790, OR we have three Lodowick Mathews at the same time. Evidence for this possibility is the 1815 tax record. A Lodowick Matthews was appearing in both Nansemond County, Virginia, with James and Samuel Matthews; and also in Gates County with Ethelred, Riddick, John, and William Matthews. Seldom do we see someone pay taxes in two different localities in the same year if they can avoid it.
     

  2. If we look at each of these paternal possibilities, we find information on Samuel Matthews of Virginia in Lists D, E, and F. One Samuel Smith could have owned land in Isle of Wight, Nansemond and Southampton and also had a tail end of it also in Gates County, North Carolina.
     

  3. The next possibility was James Mathews with clues in Virginia found in List G. Not promising if he is to be from Virginia, however there was a James the right age to be a brother to Lodowick.
     

  4. Where was another Lodowick born between 1794 to1815? He would have just turned 21 and may be with his father Benjamin? His father died in 1818 in Georgia. The only Benjamin of Virginia we had in the database was of Northampton across the Bay from Portsmouth in the late 1600s. He wouldn’t be the correct age, but could provide a clue to Hugh’s father.

    The evidence in the other records appeared to point to the second or third Lodowick in Gates being the son of a James, the brother of Ethelred, Easther, John, Anthony, and Andrew Mathews, plus perhaps a William A. Mathews. This is the man who inherited from Easther and James Pruden. The connection to Lodovic Pruden is compelling evidence, particularly since he died in 1815 and left a record connecting him to his brother Abraham Pruden who left a granddaughter Rachel Rice who was mentioned in James Pruden’s 1816 will, Easter Pruden’s will of 1824, grandchildren Lodowick, James, Mary, and John Mathews [Mary married a Rice]. Also the fact that our Lodowick named a son James and a daughter Mary Sarah. The other Lodowick was in Georgia and it doesn’t seem likely that his grandfather was leaving him an inheritance when he was that far away without mention of something in the probate records as to his location.
     

  5. In 1816 there was no Lodowick in Gates County, North Carolina paying taxes but there was a Lodowick in Norfolk, not paying taxes but being sued. In 1817 no Lodowick in Gates, but one in Norfolk. This lead us to think there was just one Lodowick.
     

  6. However in 1818 the one in Virginia had disappeared and the one in Gates was back collecting his inheritance from his father. Or he was never gone, just working on his father’s land and hidden under his father’s tax records. Whenever Lodowick was missing in Norfolk he was found in Gates, which is what supported the theory there was one man not two.
     

  7. This Lodowick disappears from Gates County, North Carolina, about 1830 after being sent out on a militia expedition to the Chowan River to suppress outlying Negroes who were committing depredations. (Family information. Would like supportive documentation.)
     

  8. A Lodowick Mathews with approximately 8 children showed up in Russell County, Alabama about 1838 and sold his last piece of land there in 1848. On the 1840 census for Russell County, Alabama, this Lodowick was the son of Benjamin as per the above information, not ours.
     

  9. The Lodowick Mathews who married Barbara Smith was most likely married in Nansemond County and many of those records for Suffolk were destroyed by a fire prior to 1866. However, not all of the records of Nansemond were destroyed because at that time Nansemond covered a larger area. Lodowick was found in one record of that area. Due to a loss of some records we don’t know if there are one or two individuals more to look for.
     

  10. If Lodowick was paying taxes in both states during the same year, then maybe the Ann who was showing up in both Portsmouth and Gates is the same person as well. We found Ann Mathews with a male 10-16, 1 female up to 26, and 1 over 45 in Portsmouth, Norfolk County on the 1820 census. She was beside William Mathews who had 2 males 0-10, 2 0-16, 1 up to 45, 1 female 0-10, 1 10-16, 1 26-45. We tried a line by line search looking for Barbara Smith’s father in Norfolk census records. No William Robinson Smith in case Barbara’s father was taking care of the family and they are in Virginia on that census. We found a William H. Smith in Norfolk County but not in Portsmouth rather in the outlying area of Norfolk: 3 boys 0-10, 1 26 and up, 1 45 and up; 1 female 26, beside Jesse Smith. So the above William Mathews in Portsmouth might be more likely.
     

  11. Only a couple of other Mathews were found: a C. Mathews 1 0-10, 1 male over 45 2 females 16 and up in Portsmouth and a Cornelius Mathias 1 0-10, 1 to 45, 1 female to 45 in the outlying area.
     

  12. Barbara Mathews, was living with her daughter, age 55, born VA, page 185 Norfolk, Portsmouth on the 1850 census.


Lodowick Matthews Time Line

A time line of events and people surrounding our Lodowick was compiled below. Records surround the Lodowick of North Carolina and Virginia have been put together, but there might be two different men:

1784 LAND: NC, Gates Co., Deed Record, "Gates County, North Carolina Deeds Books A-5 1776-1803," comp. by Mona Armstrong Taylor, pg 29, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 R28ta:

10 3 May 1784 – William Walters and Elizabeth Walters, relick of James Bray Walters, dec. to John Bare of Nancemond...60 pds... 50 acres on S side of Mare Branch beginning at a water oak in mouth of small branch at E end, W by line of marked trees to patent line; said land was conveyed by said William to his son, said James Bray, who in his will 12 Feb 1784 gave to said William...

[signed] William Walters, Elizabeth Walters [witnesses] Jethro Sumner, William Barr, Esther (her mark) MATHEWS [recorded] 3 Feb 1785

abt 1786: BIRTH OF LODOWICK in Portsmouth, VA or Gates Co, NC. [If Gates it looks like only Anthony could be his father unless the spelling Mathias was not searched. Anthony in the tax records for Nansemond up to 1819.]

1786 CENSUS: NC, Gates Co

Anthony Matthews

Anthony Matthews

Anthony Matthews, Sr.

Anthony Matthews, Jr.

1789 LAND: NC, Gates Co., Deed Record, "Gates County, North Carolina Deeds Books A-5 1776-1803," comp. by Mona Armstrong Taylor, pg 73, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 R28ta:

73 16 Apr 1789 – William Walters to James MATHEWS...200 silver dollars 150 acres in Mery Hill Pecosin bounded by Samuel Baker, Moses Boice, said Walters and William Arnold; part of a patent of 640 acres...[signed] William Walters [witnesses] Humphrey Hudgins, William (his mark) Gwin [recorded] Aug Ct 1789

1790 LAND: NC, Gates Co., Deed Record, "Gates County, North Carolina Deeds Books A-5 1776-1803," comp. by Mona Armstrong Taylor, pg 87, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 R28ta:

181 10 Aug 1790 Humphrey Hudgins to Easter MATTHEWS... 3 pds 4 sh... 4 acres beginning at maple near Thomas Smith's, a corner tree in new survey, to Jeremiah Speight's, NE to road and along road... [signed] Humphrey Hudgins, [witnesses] Samuel Smith, [recorded] Aug Ct 1790

1790 CENSUS: NC, Gates Co., pg 326:

Easter Matthews 0-1-1-0-0 [living next to Pilands]

pg. 335 James Matthews 1-1-1-0-1 next door to

James Pruden 2-4-3-0-0

1792 LAND: NC, Gates Co., Deed Records, "Gates County, North Carolina Deeds Books A-5 1776-1803," comp. by Mona Armstrong Taylor, pg 117, FHL US/CAN Books 975.6153 R28ta:

82 1 Nov 1792 – Richard Baker to Patrick Hegerty...$225...100 acres on NW Branch of Middle Swamp beginning at gum in run in James MATHEW'S line, along his line and Felton's line to run of branch and along branch...; [signed] Richard Baker; [witnesses] Jonathan Williams, Dempsey Wiliams; [recorded] May Term 1793

1794 LAND: NC, Gates Co., Deed Records, "Gates County, North Carolina Deeds Books A-5 1776-1803," comp. by Mona Armstrong Taylor, pg 145, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 R28ta:

15 29 Dec 1794 – Esther MATHEWS to son, James... deed of gift, plantation whereon she lives, bed and furniture, 3 puter dishes, 2 basins, 6 plates, pot and table...after her death...; [signed] Esther (her marker) MATHEWS; [witnesses] Christr. Riddick, James Pruden; [recorded] Aug Ct 1795

1795 LAND: NC, Gates Co., Deed Records, "Gates County, North Carolina Deeds Books A-5 1776-1803," comp. by Mona Armstrong Taylor, pg 144, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 R28ta:

12 8 Jan 1795 – Patrick Hegerty to Noah Felton...$240... 100 acres on Northwest Branch of Middle Swamp in James MATTHEW'S his line to Kittrell's line, to Felton's line, to run said branch and along branch....; [signed] Pa. Hegerty; [witnesses] Daniel Riddick, Micajah Riddick; [recorded] Aug Ct 1795

1795 LAND: NC, Gates Co., Deed Records, "Gates County, North Carolina Deeds Books A-5 1776-1803," comp. by Mona Armstrong Taylor, pg 142, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 R28ta:

267 6 Feb 1795 – James MATHEWS to Jacob Pruden...$100...150 acres known at Merry Hill Pecosin, bounded by lines of Samuel Brown, Moses Boyce, William Walters and William Arnold...; [signed] James MATHEWS, Sally MATHEWS; [witnesses] John Hodgens, Isaac Miller Sr.; [recorded] Aug Ct 1795

1800 CENSUS: NC, Gates Co., pg. 272

Anthony Matthews 02401-10001-02

Anthony Matthews Jr. 22010-10110-04

Penelope Matthews 11200-00010-04 [There was a Penelope, widow of Samuel Matthews who died in 1781 in Southampton, Virginia; and a Penelope daughter of William A. of Gates County, VA.]

Elias W. Matthews 01010-10010-00 May be Clement W.

Andrew Matthews 20010-11010-00

Mathew Mathews 00010-00010-00 (26-45 years old)

Wm Mathews Sr. 01101-20010-00

Wm Mathews Jr. 20010-20010-00

1801 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1800-1805," Volume II, pg 103 , FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 2:

Deed of Sale of Land John Ar— (written over) [John Arnold?] to James Pruden proved by the oath of James MATHEWS &c.

1806 TAX: NC, Gates Co, Mathews Surnames

Anthony 255 Sumner Dist

John 102 Sumner Dist

James 47?1/2? Sumner Dist

William - Sumner Dist

Andrew 60 Parker Dist

Riddick 180 Parker Dist

Clement 25 Parker Dist

Wm 75 Parker Dist

Etheldred 50 Parker Dist

Matt 70 Parker Dist

1806 MARRIAGE: NC, Gates Co., Lodowick Mathews and Lavisa Foster, witness Reddick Mathews and A. M. B. ?

1807 TAX: NC, Gates Co, Mathews Surnames:

Anthony 250 Sumner Dist

John 102 Sumner

Lodowick 100 Sumner

Clem W. 25 Rogers Dist

Wm 75 Rogers

Matt 70 Rogers

Eldred 50 Rogers

1807 ESTATE: NC, Gates Co.,

Estate of Anthony Mathews taken in November by John Matthews and Ethelred Mathews adm. 2 Negroes. Exhibited November 1807.

1808 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Wm 300 Smith Dist

Lodowick 185 Smith

Etheldred 78 Smith

Riddick 67 Smith

John 126 Smith

Clem W. 25 Rogers

Matt 70 Rogers

Andrew 60 Rogers

Wm 75 Rogers

1808 COURT: NC, Gates Co., Lodowick Mathews receives Negro man, George, by Riddick Mathews for 145 pounds.

1808 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 69, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

Micajah Riddick, David Riddick, John Arnold, Isaac Miller senr. & Isaac Miller Junr. the Commissioners who were appointed to make a Division of the real estate of Anthoney MATHEWS decd. made report thereon Ordered that the same be registered &c.

1808 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 69, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

Benjamin Baker Constable returned an execution at the instance of David Riddick against James MATHEWS for the sum of L10.9.6 with 10/ Cost, leveyed on four acres of Land joining the lands of Micajah Riddick, Humphry Hudgins & others, there being no personal property to be found, Ordered that execution Issue agreeable to Law.

1808 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 69, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

Deed of sale of Land Henry Smith to John MATTHEWS proved by the Oath of Patrick Hegerty &c.

1808 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 77, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

Benjamin Baker a Constable returned an Execution at the instance of Nathaniel Pruden against James MATHEWS for the sum of L24.5.8 with 6/ Costs, levied on four Acres of Land belonging to the defendant Adjoining the lands of Humphry Hudgins, Micajah Riddick & others there being no personal property to be found.

1808 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 83, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

Bill of sale Riddick MATHEWS to Lodowick MATHEWS acknowledged.

1809 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 103 , FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

Deed of agreement &c Riddick MATHEWS to Isaac Miller senr. and Isaac Miller Junr. was proved by the Oath of Nathaniel Pruden &c.

1809 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 103 , FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

An agreement &c Between Isaac Miller senr. Isaac Miller Junr. & Riddick MATHEWS was proved by the Oath of Loda?wick MATHEWS &c.

1809 COURT: NC, Gates Co., pg. 51:

An indenture made this 18 February 1809 between Lodowick Mathews of Gates Co., NC and John Mathews of the same . . . for $290 . . . Lodowick Mathews conveys land in Gates County, North Carolina on the south side of middle Swamp, Bending on the land of Isaac Miller and the lands that belonged to Timothy Lassiter decd, also Lewis Walters land, and others, containing 73 acres more or less, it being the same land that Anthony Mathews, deceased, purchased of Micajah Riddick Senr. to John Mathews, earlier land belonging to Anthony Mathews.

1809 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1806-1811," Volume III, pg 103 , FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 3:

Ordered that Micajah Riddick, Humphry Hudgins, David Riddick & Nathaniel Pruden or any three of them make a Division of the personal estate of Anthony MATHEWS decd. amongest his legal Heirs &c and make report thereon &c.

1809 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Riddick 67 Smith

Lodowick 73 Smith

John 141 Smith

Etheldred 78 Smith

William 53 Smith

Clem W. 25 Benton

Matt 70 Benton

Andrew 60 Benton

Wm 75 Benton

1810 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Riddick 67 Smith

Henry T 112 Smith

Lodowick 73 Smith

Etheldred 78 Smith

do for Anth Matthews Orphd 214 Smith

John 208 Smith

William 75 Benton

Clem W. 25 Benton

Matt 70 Benton

Andrew 47 Benton

Wm son of A [is this Andrew or Anthony 53 Benton

1810 CENSUS: NC, Gates County,

Thomas Riddick 2 males 0-10, 2 10-16, 1 26-45 [1765-1784], 2 females 0-10, 1 26-45 [1765-1784], 10 slaves

Etheldred Matthews 1 male 26-45, 1 male 0-1, 1 16-26,

Riddick Matthews 2 males 16-26; 1 female 10-16, 1 45 and up

Jethro Riddick 1 male 26-45, 2 females 10-16, 1 45 and up

John Mathews 2 males 0-10, 1 26-45, 1 female 26-45

Lodowick Mathews 1 male 16-26, 2 females 0-10, 1 female 16-26, 2 slaves

Andrew Mathews 2 males 0-10, 1 10-16, 1 16-26, 1 45 and up; 2 females 0-10, 1 10-16, 1 26-45

Matt Mathews 3 males 0-10, 1 26-45, 1 female 0-10, 1 26-45,

David Riddick 3 males 0-10, 1 16-26, 1 26-45, 1 45 and up, 1 female 26-45, 1 45 and up, 14 slaves

William Mathews 1 male 0-10, 1 10-16, 1 16-26, 1 26-45, 1 female 0-10, 1 10-16, 1 26-45

Clement W. Mathews 2 males 0-10, 1 26-45, 1 female 16-26

1811 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Etheldred 78 Smith

do for Anth Matthews Orphd 214 Smith

Lodowick 73 Smith

Riddick 67 Smith

John 268 Smith

Wm 53 Smith

Clem W. 25 Benton

Matt 70 Benton

Andrew 47 Benton

Wm 75 Benton

1811/1815 PROBATE: NC, Gates Co., "Gates County, North Carolina Wills - Book 2, 1807-1838, Volume II, by Sandra L. Almasy, pg 46-47, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2a v.2:

Elizabeth Smith (109-110)

In the name of God Amen. I Elizabeth Smith of Gates County and State of North Carolina being advanced in years and calling to remembrance that it is appointed for all flesh once to die, do make ordain this my last will and testament as followeth.

Item I give unto my daughter Treasey MATHEWS two fether beds & furniture, one large trunk, one square pine table, to her and her heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give unto my grandaughter Catharen Smith one fether bed & furniture, one trunk, one warnut table, one puter dish, and six earthen plates, six spoons, two boles, one iron pott, one cow and calf, to her & her heirs & assigns forever.

Item I give unto my grandson John Smith son of Thomas Smith decd, ten dollars to him his heir & assigns forever.

Item after all my just debts are paid I give all the remainder of my estate of every kind unto my daughter Treasey MATHEWS to her and her heirs & assigns forever.

Item I also appoint Mathias MATHEWS and Richard Smith my executors to this my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this ninth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred & eleven signed, sealed, published and declared by the said Elizabeth Smith the testator as her last will & testament in the presence of us who were present at the time of sign'g and seal'g thereof, John P. Hudgins (Jurat), Jesse Hudgins.

Elizabeth (her X mark) Smith (seal)

November Court 1815: exhibited by Mathias MATHEWS, executor; proved by John P. Hudgins.

1812 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Lodowick 73 Smith

Etheldred 76 Smith

do for Esther 214 Smith [has the land for Anth Matthews Orphd]

Riddick 67 Smith

John 208 Smith

Wm 55 Smith

Clem W. ? Morgan

Matt 70 Morgan

Andrew 47 Morgan

Wm 75 Morgan

1813 COURT: NC, Gates Co

Lodowick Matthews called to Jury Duty with Robert Miller

1813 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Clement W. ? Knight

Lodowick 73 Smith

Etheldred 76 Smith

do for A Matthews Orphd 214 Smith

Riddick 67 Smith

John 208 Smith

Wm 55 Smith

Matt 75 Morgan

Andrew 47 Morgan

Wm 75 Morgan

1814 MARRIAGE: Smith Family Bible

March 09, 1814 Lodowick Mathews and Barbara Smith

1814 COURT: NC, Gates Co

Lodowick Matthews called to Jury Duty

1814 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Lodowick 73 Smith

Etheldred 76 Smith

do for Esther 214 Smith [has the land for Anth Matthews Orphd]

Riddick 47 Smith

John 208 Smith

Wm 55 Smith

Matt 47 Morgan

Andrew 47 Morgan

Wm 75 Morgan

1815 TAX: VA, Nansemond County:

James Mathews 1 1 1 0 One mahogany tea or card table

Lodowick Mathews 1 1 1 0

Samuel Mathews 1 0 0 0

1815 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

R. Clement ? Powell

Lodowick 73 Smith

Etheldred 96 Smith

do for Esther 214 Smith [has the land for Anth Matthews Orphd]

Riddick 47 Smith

John 200 Smith

Wm 56 Smith

Mathias 47 Morgan

Andrew 47 Morgan

Wm 75 Morgan

1816 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

R. Clement Powell

David Smith

John 242 Smith

Etheldred 95 Smith

Do for Esther 214 Smith

Riddick 47 Smith

William 3 Smith

Andrew 47 Morgan

Wm 75 Morgan

Wm Jr. (") Morgan

Matt 47 Morgan

1816 COURT: VA, Norfolk County, Elvington K. Brown sues Lodowick Mathews for a $30 debt 3 Aug.

1817 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Mathews Surnames

Clement W. (") Ballard

Dan' (") Matthews

Riddick 47 Matthews

Ethelred 95 Mathews

Do for Esther 214 Mathews

Wm 50 Mathews

John 292 Mathews

Timothy (") Morgan

Andarew 47 200 Morgan

John C. (") Morgan

Wm Sr. 75 300 Morgan

1817 TAX: VA, Norfolk County, James Taylor District, Property Tax:

Wright Manning, place of residence W. B. 1 white male over 16, 1 slave over 16, 1 horse

Wm Matthews place of residence W. B. 1 white male over 16,1 horse

Mathew Manning W. B., 2 white males over 16, 1 horse

Joseph Maning 1 white male over 16,

Robert Manning W. B. 1 white male over 16,, 1 salve over 16, 1 hrose

Nathan Mathews W. B. 1 white male over 16, 1 horse

Baily Mathews W. B. 1 white male over 16,

Samuel Matthews W. B. 1 white male over 16,

Lodwick Mathews, W. B. 1 white male over 16,

Several men down

Jno Mathews 1 white male over 16,

Samuel Mathews 1 white male over 16,

1818 TAX: NC, Gates, Mathews Surnames

Clement W. (") Ballard [do not know what the (") mean.

Wm 57 275 Matthews Dist

Ethelred 27 108 Matthews Dist

Do for Esther 214 300 Matthews Dist

Lodowick of James (") (") Matthews Dist [this indicates Lodowick is inheriting from James]

John 208-675 Matthews Dist

Riddick 47 235 Matthews Dist

John D. (") Morgans Dis

Andrew 47 200 Morgans

Timothy (") Morgans

Wm of Wm (") Morgans

Whitmel (") Morgans

Wm Sr. 75 300 Morgans

1819 TAX: NC, Gates Co., Matthews Surnames

Wm A. 51 275 Matthews Dist

Riddick 50 235 Matthews Dist

Etheldred 95 380 Matthews Dist

Do for Esther 50 100 Matthews Dist

John 383 1400 Mathews

Lodowick (") Matthews Dist

John D (") Riddick Dist

Andrew 47 1/2 200 Riddick Dist

Wm of Wm (") Riddick Dist

Timothy (") Riddick Dist

Whitmell (") Riddick Dist

Wm Sr. 78 300 (") Riddick Dist

1820 CENSUS: NC, Gates County,

Lodowick Mathews 3 males 0-10; 1 26-45; 1 female 26-45, 1 slave

Clement Mathews 45 and up , 1 son 10-16, wife, 45 and up

Whitmell Mathews same age as Lodowick

Andrew Mathews same age as Clement

1820 TAX: NC, Gates County

John 208 693 Matthews Dist

Riddick 50 235 Matthews Dist

Wm A. 51 275 Matthews Dist

Etheldred 97 280 Matthews Dist

Esther 50 250 Matthews Dist

John D. (") Riddick Dist

Andrew 47 200 Riddick Dist

Lodowick (") Riddick Dist [returns to Matthews Dist after 1820]

Whitmel (") Riddick

Timothy (") Riddick Dist

Wm. Sr. 75 320 Riddick Dist

Wm Jr. (") Riddick

1822/1823 PROBATE: NC, Gates Co., "Gates County, North Carolina Wills - Book 2, 1807-1838, Volume II, by Sandra L. Almasy, pg 87-88, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2a v.2:

Andrew MATHEWS (194-196)

In the name of God Amen. I Andrew MATHEWS of Gates County in the State of North Carolina being in perfect health of body and of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding considering the Certainty of death and the uncertainty of the time thereof and being desirous to Settly my worldly affairs and thereby be the better prepared to leave this world when it shall Pleas God to call me hence do therefore make and publish this my last will and Testament im manner and form following that is to say first.

Item I give and bequeath unto my loving wife Ann MATHEWS the use of my plantation and all the lands belong thereunto, one feather bed and furniture of her choice during her life time.

Item I give and bequeath unto my youngest son Jacob MATHEWS my plantation and all the lands belonging thereunto, one feather bed and furniture that is lent to my said wife after her death to him the said Jacob MATHEWS and his heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Absilley MATHEWS fifteen Dollars to her the said Absilley MATHEWS and her heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my son David MATHEWS three dollars fifty cents to him the said David MATHEWS and his heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my son John MATHEWS five dollars to him the said John MATHEWS and his heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my son James MATHEWS seventeen & a half acres of Pocoson land lying adjoining Mills R. Field and Nathaniel Savages land to him the said James MATHEWS and his heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Salley MATHEWS one feather bed and furniture to her the said Salley MATHEWS and her heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Milley MATHEWS one feather be and furniture to her the said Milley MATHEWS and her heirs and assigns forever.

Item Devise and bequeath all the rest and residue of my estate both real and personal to be equally divided among my Children named here after Absilley, John, James, Salley, Milley, and Jacob MATHEWS in equal part and share & share alike and lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint David Riddick to be sole Executor of this my last will and testament revoking and nulling all former wills by me heretofore made ratify and confirming this and none other to be my last will and testament in testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 3 day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty two. Signed sealed published and declared by Andrew MATHEWS the above named testator as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us who at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have subscribe our names as witness thereto David Riddick Jurat, Wilie Riddick Jurat.; Andrew (his + mark) MATHEWS (seal); February Court 1823: exhibited by David Riddick, executor; proved by David Riddick & Wilie Riddick.

1823 TAX: NC, Gates County

Nancy Matthews Riddick District

1823/1824 PROBATE: NC, Gates Co., "Gates County, North Carolina Wills - Book 2, 1807-1838, Volume II, by Sandra L. Almasy, pg 95-96, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2a v.2:

Easter Pruden (212-213)

In the name of God Amen. I Easter Pruden of Gates County being sick and weak of body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be to God as touching such worldly estate as it has pleased the almighty to endow me with I this 8th day of December in the year of our Lord 1823 Give and dispose of the same in manner and form following to wit First.

Item I give and bequeath to David Pruden six silver tea spoons to him and his heirs forever.

Item I give and bequeath to Easter Boyce one cloak to her and her heirs forever.

Item I give and bequeath to Celia Pruden one loom to her and her heirs forever.

Item I give and bequeath to Olivia Pruden one pare of silver sleeve buttons to her and her heirs forever.

Item I give and bequeath to my grandson Lodowick MATHEWS one small trunk to him and his heirs forever.

Item I give and bequeath to my fore grand children to wit Mary Rice and James MATHEWS, Lodowick MATHEWS and John MATHEWS all my close to be equally divided in equeal parts shear and shear alike between them the fore grand children.

It is my will and desire that all the remainder of my property that I have not give away heretofore should be equally divided between my three grandsons namely James MATHEWS, Lodwick MATHEWS & John MATHEWS at my death to them & there heirs forever.

Lastly I nominate David Riddick executor to this my last will and testament. Signed sealed published and declaerd to be my last will and testament in the presence of A.C. Morgan (Jurat), Willie Riddick. Easter (her mark) Pruden (seal); February Court 1824: exhibited by David Riddick, executor; proved by Abraham C. Morgan.

1824 COURT: NC, Gates County

Receives inheritance from his grandmother, Easter Pruden.

1825-1832 TAX: VA, Norfolk Co., No Lodwick Matthews, but there is a William, Ann and Samuel Matthews.

1826 COURT: NC, Gates Co., Nov 1826

Ordered Demsey S. Goodman Coroner be allowed $10 day for holding inquest over body of James Mathews . . .

1827 COURT: NC, Gates Co

Adm of estate of James Matthews dec’d granted to Ethelred Matthews

1827 TAX: VA, Norfolk Co., Manning District:

Andrew Matthews

Miles Matthews

Ann Matthews

William Mathews

Samuel Matthews

1828 PROBATE: NC, Gates Co., "Gates County, North Carolina Wills - Book 2, 1807-1838, Volume II, by Sandra L. Almasy, pg 125, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2a v.2:

Mary Benton (277-278)

In the name of God Amen. I Mary Benton of Gates County and State of North Carolina being sick and weak in body but of sound understanding mind and memory blessed be given unto God for the same I do make and ordain this to be my last will and Testament in manner and form following viz.

First I give and bequeath unto my niece Mary MATHEWS daughter of Ethelred MATHEWS one feather bed and its furniture, one large trunk of 1st choice, one cow and calf 1st choice, one pine chest, one quilling wheel one large iron pot to her and her heirs forever.

Secondly I give and devise unto my sister Christian Benton one dollar to her and her heirs forever.

Thirdly I give and devise unto my sister Ann MATHEWS one dollar to her and her heirs forever.

Fourthly I give and devise unto my sister Judith Jones one dollar to her and her heirs forever.

Fifthly I give and devise unto my sister Elizabeth Riddick one dollar to her and her heirs forever.

Sixthly after paying all my just debts and demands it is my will and desire and do hereby order that my Brother David Benton have all the residue and remainder part of my property wherever to be found that is not heretofore by me given away to him and his heirs & assigns forever.

And lastly I nominate and appoint my Brother David Benton to be my joint Executor to this my last will and testament. In witness where of I have set my hand and seal the 26th day of June 1828. Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us Demsey Knight (jurat).

Mary (her + mark) Benton (seal)

August Court 1828: exhibited by David Benton, executor; proved by Demsey Knight.

1829 COURT: NC, Gates Co., "Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Gates County, North Carolina, 1828-1831, ‘Rough Minutes' May 1827-May 1833," Volume VII, pg 63, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2f v. 7:

November 1829

issd Ordered that the under named persons be appointed Patrolers and that they be governed by the laws of this state, and that they patrole once in every two weeks or oftener if necessary under the penalty of forty shillings for every failure, and that they be entitled to receive Seventy five Cents for every twelve hours service (to wit) Simon Walters, Jethro Willey, Levi Rogers, Henry Williams, George W. Smith, and William K. Moore for Capt. Nathaniel Daughtie's Captaincy or district.

Issd Riddick MATTHEWS, James M. Riddick, Jethro P. MATTHEWS, Lodowick MATTHEWS, Elisha Duke – John O. Hunter, John R. Norfleet, Joseph Riddick, Thomas Smith, Christopher Riddick & Matthew W. Dyes in Capt. Lassiter Riddick's Captaincy &c

1830 CENSUS: NC, Gates County, FHL Film 18087, pg. 105: [this looks like Lodowick and his brothers James and John.]

Wm A. Mathews 1 male 5-10, 1 10-15, 1 15-20; 1 40-50; 1 female 5-10, 1 15-20; 1 40-50; 1 60-70

Lodowick Mathews 1 male 0-5, 2 10-15, 1 30-40; 2 females 0-5; 1 5-10, 1 30-40

James Mathews 1 male 0-5, 1 20-30; 2 females 0-5; 1 15-20, 1 20-30

Ann Mathews 1 male 15-20; 2 females 20-30, 1 60-70 [Widow of Andrew Mathews, Ann nickname for Nancy] Ann paid the taxes until 1831. Jacob Matthews, youngest son of Ann started paying taxes in 1832 when he came of age.)

John D. Mathews 2 males 0-5, 2 5-10, 1 30-40; 1 female 15-20; 1 20-30

Peggy Mathews 1 male 15-20; 2 females 5-10, 1 30-40; 1 50-60

1830 COURT: NC, Gates Co., August 1831:

Ordered that the sheriff be allowed in his settlement of the taxes for 1830 with the public treasurer, county trustee and wardens of the poor the poll tax on the following persons, allowed by the court as insolvents, etc., to wit: Bryant Matthews and Lodowick Matthews.

1830 COURT: NC, Gates County

Ordered that . . . Lodowick Matthews be allowed the sum set for two days service in militia in expedition to Chowan River pocosion to suppress outlying negroes who were comitting depredations. . . William and Peter Piland

1832 TAX: Va, Norfolk Co., Manning District, Lodinick Matthews, 1 white male over 21, 0 slaves or horses. Other Mathews were Wm, and Joshua, and Samuel Matthews all of Portsmouth over 16 white.

1834 TAX: VA, Norfolk Co., Gary District, Personal Property, Lodwick Matthews 1 white male over 21 [near other Mathews: Harmon, Overton they also have no slaves. Also beside Wright Manning, Joseph Manning, Willis Manning, Matthew H. Manning [interesting first name which could have come from surname Matthew]; Matthias Manning, Markham Manning, Malichi Manning, John T. Manning, Matthew Manning [this one has 3 slaves, 2 horses, 1 pig, etc. record cut off], William B. Manning, Stephen Manning.

1836 TAX: VA, Norfolk Co., Manning District (covers Portsmouth and Elizabeth Parish):

Lod: Matthews N. P. (Norfolk Parish) 1 white 16+ with William, Anna, and Samuel in this same district 1 825-36.

Also in this tax list in Cutherell District was William Matthews 1 white male over 16.

1837 to 1838 no tax record for Lodwick.

1837 APPROXIMATE DEATH OF LODOWICK . . . he disappears.

1838 TAX: VA, Norfolk Co., Manning District, pg. 17 Matthews, Scipion D.C. 1 free poll 16 + (Tis would be a free black, Sipe in 1844]

Mathews, Samuel H. , E. P. (Elizabeth Parish), 1 white 16+

1838 LAND: VA, Norfolk Co.,:

Barbara Mathews, widow of late Lodowick Mathews and dau. of late William R. Smith deeds land.

1839-1844 TAX: VA, Norfolk County No Mathews listed CHECK AGAIN because they could be under Mathias which was becoming the mode at the time. James should be showing up or Barbara.

1840 CENSUS: VA, Norfolk County, Portsmouth p. 127:

James Mathews 1 male 20-30 [James], 2 females 15-20 [1 sister Susan, 1 an unknown wife] 1 40-50 [Barbara]

1840 CENSUS: AL, Russell County

Lodowick Matthews age 40-50 . . .

1844 TAX: VA, Norfolk County Mathews, Sipe Free black 16 + and 1 horse.

1846 TAX: VA, Norfolk County Cherry District (Norfolk & Elizabeth River):

Jno C. Mathews white male 16 and up

Herman Mathews white male 16 and up

Ethelred Mathews white male 16 and up

Sipe Mathews free black male 16 and up, 1 horse.

1846 PROBATE: NC, Gates Co., "Gates County, North Carolina Wills - Book 3 1838-1867," Volume III, by Sandra L. Almasy, pg 37-38, FHL US/CAN Book 975.6153 P2a v.3:

William A. MATHEWS (72-73)

In the name of Our Lord Jesus Christ Amen. I William A. MATHEWS of Gates County in the State of North Carolina being in propper mind and memory do make ordain and set forth this my last will and Testament in manner and form following viz:

1st I give and bequeath unto my beloved son Seth D. MATHEWS the sum of two hundred dollars.

2nd I give and bequeath my beloved daughter Penelope MATHEWS the sum of Two hundred dollars.

3rd I give and bequeath unto my beloved son Jesse S. MATHEWS one fether bed and furniture & sted, one cow and calf and one yearling.

4th I give and bequeath unto my daughter Median Johnson the sume of Eighty five dollars.

5th I give and bequeath unto my beloved son William E. MATHEWS all my home plantation and tract of land whereon I now live with all the houses and improvements there unto belonging to him and his heirs forever.

6th I give and bequeath unto my Grand daughter Emeline Lee Thirty dollars and provided Emiline Lee should dy without a lawfull begotten heir for that thirty dollars to be equally divided to my lawfull begotten heirs.

7th All the rest and residue of my estate of perishable property and goods and chatles whatsoever desire to be sold viz all of my negro property whatsoever I desire to be sold viz Jacob, Jim, Mary, Jenny, Lilla, Ben, Willis and all I might parish with hereafter to be sold. I desire my Executor to pay all my just debts and necessary expenses and after paying all debts and necessary expenses and all the legacies herein given. I give out of the remainder unto my beloved son Jesse S. MATHEWS the sum of one hundred dollars and all the remainder of the proceeds of my estate from the settling of my negro and perishable property and acconpts and notes I desire to be equally divided to Jesse S. MATHEWS, John M. MATHEWS and William E. MATHEWS. I now nominate constitute and appoint my beloved sons John M. MATHEWS and William E. MATHEWS sole Executors to this my last will and testament in witness whereof I have here unto set my hand and seal this the 29th of December 1845 Signed sealed and delivered in the presents of Test. R. MATHEWS, Richard (his + mark) Davenport; [Signed] William (his mark) MATHEWS (seal)

February Court 1846: proved by Riddick MATHEWS; John M. MATHEWS executor - qualified.

1847 TAX: VA, Norfolk County Herbert District (Norfolk & Elizabeth River):

Jno C. Mathews white male 16 and up (Elizabeth River Parish)

Herman Mathews white male 16 and up

Ethelred Mathews white male 16 and up NB (Norfolk Parish?)

Jesse Mathews free black male 16 and up, 2 horse, NB (Norfolk Parish?).

1848 TAX: VA, Norfolk County Herbert District (Norfolk & Elizabeth River):

Ethelred Mathews WB White male 16 and up.

1850 CENSUS: VA, Norfolk County, Portsmouth:

Barbara Mathews living with her daughter Mary Morris one house away from James Mathews, her son. James and Mary are listed as born in North Carolina.

1860 CENSUS: VA, Norfolk County, Portsmouth:

[document 1 sent to GRA from client]

1873 DEATH: VA, Norfolk Co., Death of Susan M. Morris 10 Nov 1873, parents Lodwic & Barbay Mathews.

1880 DEATH: VA, Norfolk Co., Death of James W. Mathews, parents, Lodewick & Barbara Mathews

 Ideas

If Samuel were Lodowick’s father and he died in 1781, Lodowick would have been born before that date. Penelope, widow of Samuel Matthews who died in 1781 in Southampton, Virginia, may be the Penelope listed in the 1800 census in Gates County, North Carolina. There was a Penelope daughter of William A. of Gates County, North Carolina who died in 1846.

 


 

The Name Lodowick

In addition to covering a large expanse of documentation in this last block, we have also followed up on the name "Lodowick." Much can often be learned by studying names, particularly when we have little else to go on.

The name was found spelled: Loddiwick, Loddrick, Loderick, Lodewick, Lodrick, Lodowick, Lodiewyick, Lodwick, and Lodywick.

The name "Lodowick" in all its varieties was used by the Dutch and German for the word Ludwig. It was not a common name and searching the Bible records of the Norfolk area, we came across a Bible record for a family with the surname Lodowick.

To consider: If the parents or grandparents of Lodowick Matthews were living in an area where they would be put in contact with merchants from New Amsterdam (Brooklyn, New York, was early called by this name), someone in the Matthews family likely married someone in the Lodowick family. We studied those families. A Lodewick [sic] Bible from Norfolk, Virginia coupled with colonial history indicated a great deal of trading was going on between the people of Portsmouth and those from New Netherland.

 


 

Historical Background

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History of Virginia from Its First Settlement to the Present Day, FHL 975.5 H2, Vol. 2

Provided background information on the Portsmouth area.
 

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Historical and Descriptive Sketches of Norfolk and Vicinity, 1853, FHL 975.5 H2

Chapter III, 1650-1736, pg. 45. Norfolk County originally included, in addition to its present limits, Princess Anne and Nansemond- formerly called Nandzimum and Nansimum; Captain Smith wrote Nandsamund. This part of the territory of Virginia, shortly after being explored and named by Colonel Thorogood, was designated as Upper and Lower Norfolk. [It was important to become acquainted with the various locality names we would be dealing with.] The portion now known as the county of Nansemond, was called Upper Norfolk (formerly written thus- Vpper Norff.), and the rest, now included in the two counties of Norfolk and Princess Anne, was called Lower Norfolk. It was also laid off in parishes; and there was the parish of Saint Brides, of Lynnhaven, &c. In these subdivisions, churches were soon erected and provided with pastors. The inhabitants were then required, under a penalty of the law, to attend church, and the ministers were amenable to heavy fines for failing to be regularly at their post!

Prior to 1761, however, Elizabeth River Parish comprised a large region of country on both sides of the river; and consequently causing inconvenience to the inhabitants, they petitioned the General Assembly to have it divided into three distinct parishes. It was accordingly enacted, "that from and after the first day of May, 1761, the parish should be divided into three, to be called Elizabeth River, St. Brides, and Portsmouth Parishes," which was accordingly done, and Elizabeth River Parish comprised the land on the northward and eastward of the river, and of its eastern branch (Lynnhaven Parish, it appears, was afterwards formed from this). The limits of St. Brides Parish were between the eastern and southern branches, extending to a mill on Mill Creek, thence southwardly into the Dismal Swamp, as far as the Carolina line, and Portsmouth Parish comprised the remaining part of the former Elizabeth River Parish, extending up into the country, on the south of the river, and on the west of its southern branch.

The name of Upper Norfolk was changed to Nansemond; and in 1691, at the instance of the inhabitants in the eastern and northeastern part of Lower Norfolk, including Lynnhaven Parish, another subdivision took place, by act of Assembly, and Princess Anne county was formed from Lower Norfolk. This was warmly opposed by the people in the Parishes of St. Brides, &c., principally on account of the consequent increase in the poll-tax.

The name, Princess Anne, was, of course, adopted in honour of Anne, the amiable Princess of Denmark (daughter of James II.), who ascended the throne in 1702, in the 38th year of her age, and whose loyal subjects gave her the title of "the good Queen Anne."

Pg. 51. The Charter points out the duties of the mayor, aldermen, &c. Samuel Boush, Esq., was appointed to be Mayor; Sir John Randolph (Knight), Recorder; and George Newton, Samuel Boush, the younger, John Hutchings, Robert Tucker, John Taylor, Samuel Smith, the younger, James Ivey, and Alexander Campbell, were appointed Aldermen. Provision was also made in the charter for the election of councilmen and the different officers of the corporation, and holding of the courts, elections, markets, public fairs, &c.

Pg. 56. "John Taylor’s name comes next. He was born in 1691 and died in 1744. He was buried in the lot of St. Paul’s, and the spot is marked by a massive tablet. His descendants are among the worthiest members of the community. "Samuel Smith is the next name. From him the creek that bounds the city on the north side and Smith’s Point took their name. He was buried on the left hand, as you enter the northern gate of the old churchyard.

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A Colonial History of Virginia, FHL 975.5 H2cw.

The first charter granted to the Virginia Company all those territories in America lying on the sea coasts between the 34th and 45th degrees of North latitude, from sea to sea, and all islands within one hundred miles from shore. The Virginia company was subdivided into the London and Southern Colony, and the Plymouth or Northern Colony. The attempt to settle the Northern Colony proved a failure and it became the duty of the Southern Colony to guard the boundaries defined by the charter. Argall destroyed several French settlements and made the Dutch at Manhattan pay tribute and acknowledge the Jamestown Colony as having jurisdiction. A permanent settlement by the English in the Northern territory, was not made until 1620. Virginia protected the Northern coast until this settlement was made. There were four charters granted the Southern Colony, one giving jurisdiction as far east as the Somer Islands (Bermudas). A glance at the map show good reason for Virginia being called the Mother of States.

In 1647 over 8,000 people lived in the colony, thousands of acres had been cleared and crops planted, 150 plows being in use. When Christmas arrived it found the people worshiping in twenty churches, each with its own minister, who received a salary equivalent to $500 per year, payable in corn and tobacco. There were anchored in James River ten vessels from London, two from Bristol, twelve from Holland, and seven from New England. The several crews totaled 800 men. Captain Brocas, of the Council, had planted a vineyard and mad excellent wine; Mr. Richard Bennet had twenty butts of cider pressed from his own orchard; Sir William Berkeley had, from his orchard, apricots, peaches, mellicotons, quinces, wardens and the like , dried, pickled, preserved or otherwise disposed of; and there were wild turkeys, game, oysters, fish poultry, pork, beef and many other delicacies of Old England.

 

In 1651 the English squadron of Cromwell, having forced the colony at Barbadoes to submission, entered the Chesapeake with orders to compel Berkeley and the Loyalists of Virginia to acknowledge allegiance to the Commonwealth. Cromwell was greatly incensed when he learned that the Virginia colony had refused to swear fealty to the new government in England. Parliament, by this suggestion, passed an ordinance declaring the Virginians rebels and traitors, and issued a decree forbidding them commercial intercourse with England or any colony.

Notwithstanding the isolated condition of the little band of Royalists and the impossibility of making successful defense, yet, under the leadership of Berkeley, they did not hesitate to take up arms in defense against the invading fleet. Several Dutch ships (trading in Virginia in defiance of the navigation act) were requisitioned and the sturdy-hearted Virginians met the enemy. Though defeated, they made such a gallant defense, the commander, in admiration of their effort, granted terms of submission favorable to the colony.

Chapter XXI, Sub-division of Shires, Counties Formed, pg. 155-157.

Elizabeth City (1634)- From Elizabeth City was formed New Norfolk (1636). New Norfolk was divided into Upper and Lower Norfolk (1637). From Upper Norfolk was taken Nansemond (1642). Lower Norfolk was divided into Norfolk and Princess Anne (1691).

Origin of names- Elizabeth City, first known as Kicquotan. It was named in honor of Princess Elizabeth, daughter of James I. She married Frederick, Elector Palatine, on St. Valentine’s Day, February 14, 1612-13 (O.S.). New Norfolk, (Upper Norfolk, Norfolk). In honor of Norfolk, a port in England. Jefferson (1792) states as opinion that it received its name from the Duke of Norfolk. Nansemond (Nansemunds), an Indian word meaning "fishing point." A village of this name was located in that section. Princess Anne, in honor of Princess Anne, who became Queen in 1702.

One of the patentees, Sir Richard Worsley, came from Isle of Wight, England. His plantation was so named. 17390 Southampton was named in honor of Henry Wriothesley, Second Earl of Southampton. He was one of the best friends of the Colonists and a member of the Virginia Company. Associated with Edwin Sandys, he did everything possible to make the undertaking a success. He was a man of education and ability and was a great friend and patron of William Shakespeare. An number of Shakespeare’s works were dedicated to him.

Evidence indicates that merchants traveled and performed trade between other colonies such as those in New York (at that time known as New Netherlands) and with Holland itself. Much of this merchandising took place in Lower Norfolk County and surrounding areas.

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Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century: an inquiry into the material condition of the people, based upon original and contemporaneous records by Philip Alexander Bruce, Vol. II, NY: MacMillan and Co, and London, 1896, FHL US/CAN 975.5 H2b v. 2., pp. 310-311

In 1651, when Virginia yielded to Cromwell, a war was in progress between England and Holland, but it appears to have had no influence upon the intercourse between the planters and the owners of Dutch vessels. When the surrender to the Commissioners of the Commonwealth took place, the quantity of goods in the Colony belonging to Dutch merchants was so large that a special clause was introduced in the articles of submission, stipulating that these goods should be protected from surprisal.

In the petition now offered to the States-General by a large number of the merchants of Holland, who declare that for twenty years they had been engaged in commerce with the Virginians, they mention incidentally that the principal commodities which they had been conveying to the Colony were linen and coarse cloths, beer, brandy, and other distilled spirits. These goods were exempted from Dutch customs. (Documents Relating to the Colonial History of New York, vol. 1, p. 437. The Maryland Council declared that "the Dutch trade was the darling of the people of Virginia and Maryland." Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of Council, 1636-1667, p. 428; Documents Relating to the Colonial History of New York, vol. XIV, p. 139.) Stuyvesant was at this time anxious that all vessels leaving the Low Countries with cargoes of merchandise for Virginia should be required to stop at New Amsterdam on the outward voyage, but the directors of the West India Company refused to comply with his request to that effect. The owners of these cargoes were in many cases English merchants engaged in business in Holland.

In 1653, Henry Mountford of Rotterdam appointed an agent in Lancaster County, who was instructed to collect all that was due his principal for advances of goods; and a smaller power was given to John Sheppard of the same city to his representative in that county. In 1656, Simon Overzhe, who described himself as a citizen of Rotterdam, granted a full discharge to Thomas Lambert, who had been acting as his factor in the county of Lower Norfolk. (Records of Lower Norfolk County, original vol. 1651-1656, p. 232. Simon Overzhe resided at one time in Virginia, and at another in Maryland. Among other English merchants seated in Holland, who had dealings with planters in Lower Norfolk County, was William Harris. See his release of Francis Yeardley from all debts due by him to Harris, Ibid., p. 24. William Moseley, who lived in Lower Norfolk County, was at one time a resident of Rotterdam. See Ibid., p. 24) A few years later, John de Potter of Amsterdam chose as his attorney in Virginia, his sister, who had married Thomas Edmunds of Elizabeth River. Among the merchants residing in the Low Countries who were engaged at the time in trade with the planters of the eastern Shore were Cornelius Schut, Nicholas Van Bleck, and Cornelius Stennick.(Records of Northampton County, original vol. 1655-1657, p. 53; Ibid., original vol. 1657-1666, orders Sept. 1666. There is entered in the records of the same county a power of attorney from Jacob Derrickson and Abram Johnson of Holland to John Johnson to serve as their factor, both in Maryland and Virginia. See original vol. 1654-1655, f. p. 121. The following charter party drawn up in 1646 is a fair sample of the charter parties by which English merchants secured the advantages of Dutch shipping: "In the name of God, Amen. A charter party made the fourth day of September, 1646, and an agreement made by me Abraham Pyle, a publique....allowed and admitted of by the Lord of holland, dwelling in....in the presence of the following partyes, namely, William Wright, Rowland Marstone, and John Bason together and every one, as all (in solidum) English merchants and freighters, to Reignard Cornelius, husband and master of the shipp next, under God named, the Foxe...we bind ourselves . . . both in our persons and estates, and especially the fraighters’ goods, shipped abroad, and the husband and said shipp fraight...to be under submission unto all courts and justice..." Records of Lower Norfolk County, vol 1646-1651, f. p 30.)

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Economic History of Virginia, pp. 314-315

The commerce between the Colony and the Dutch community seated at New Amsterdam was one of very considerable volume. It was important, indeed, that in December, 1652, when hostilities were soon to break out between Holland and England, the Directors of the West India Company urged upon Stuyvesant the strong expediency of maintaining the most harmonious relations with the people of Virginia in order to retain their trade. In the following spring, a commission was dispatched to Jamestown for the purpose of concluding a treaty, although the English and Dutch were actually at war. The Governor there did not consider that he had the power to enter into such an arrangement without the permission of the authorities of the Commonwealth. A few months later, Stuyvesant sent a second commission, who were to ask for the continuation of the commercial intercourse between Virginia and the people of New Amsterdam, and who were also to secure the right to pay what the merchants of the Dutch province owed in the Colony, and to collect what was due them by its inhabitants. It was proposed that the grant of these privileges should be wholly provisional until the consent of their respective governments in Europe to the agreement had been obtained. This arrangement, it would appear, led to an extensive sale of merchandise in Virginia. In 1655, the hostilities between Holland and England having been brought to a close, the Directors of the West India Company again instructed Stuyvesant to promote by every means in his power the commerce between Virginia and the New Netherlands, a matter which they thought devoid of difficulty, as the English were unable to supply the people of the Colony with all of the different kinds of merchandise they required. To encourage the course of trade between the two, Stuyvesant was ordered in 1657 to impose a duty of only one per cent on all commodities shipped from New Netherlands to Virginia. In 1660, the volume of this trade was described as being very great. The vessels from the Dutch province which brought in goods proceeded, as soon as they had secured their cargoes of tobacco, directly to Holland.

When the New Netherlands became a possession of England, the volume of trade between that Colony and Virginia continued to be important. In 1666, Jacob Leisler of the former place put on record in the county court of Rappahannock, a power of attorney authorizing Thomas Hawkins to collect the different debts due him in that part of the country, in the form of bills, bonds, and open accounts. In 1680, Edward Hill of Charles City became agent of Daniel De Hart of Manhattan Island.

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Economic History of Virginia, pp. 324-325

The intercourse between the latter province and Lower Norfolk County seems to have been extremely frequent. Among the citizens of Maryland engaged in these commercial transactions, were William Holland, Edward Lloyd, Emanuel Ratcliffe, and Charles Egerton.

The trade with the West Indies began as early as 1633, in which year, captain Devries stated that he made at Jamestown the acquaintance of Captain Stone, who had recently arrived from that part of America, it is to be presumed with a cargo of supplies to be bartered for tobacco. The directors of the Dutch West India Company, writing to Stuyvesant in 1646, called his attention to the fact that persons from Virginia had already made their way to Curacoa, and were exchanging their commodities for its products. Only a few years later, shipmasters from Barbadoes are found selling negroes to the planters along the York and James. It was the custom of many of the vessels sailing from this island to proceed first to Virginia and afterwards to New England.

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Economic History of Virginia, pp. 332-333

The English merchants who supplied the planters with manufactured articles may be roughly divided into two classes: first, those who resided in the mother country and disposed of goods to the colonies either directly upon the receipt of the tobacco in England, or who shipped goods to Virginia to be sold there by factors; secondly, those who lived either permanently or temporarily in the Colony and exchanged the commodities which they had ordered, for the products of the country, acting either in their own persons or through local representatives in their different mercantile transactions. To the first class belonged men of such standing as Micajah Perry, Thomas Lane, John Cary, John Cooper, George Richards, Peter Paggin, and John Bland. These English merchants in many instances had brothers or near relatives in Virginia who served as their agents. This was the case with Micajah Perry. It was also the case with John Bland. The English traders who resided in the Colony were men like Francis Lee, John Chew, Thomas Burbage, Robert Vaulx, and John Greene. In some instances they returned to England. This was the case with Robert Vaulx, John Greene, and Francis Lee. Participation in commercial exchange with the Virginians does not appear to have been the direct means of acquiring vast fortunes on the part of the merchants who resided in the mother country, although it is known that many persons engaged in this trade were men in affluent circumstances. Of the twenty-four who, towards the close of the seventeenth century, furnished the greater portion of the supplies of various kinds imported into the Colonies of Maryland and Virginia, not one bore a name which is identified in an illustrious degree with the subsequent history of England either in social or political way. [1680-1700]

The following is the list: Micajah Perry, Thomas Lane, James Dryden, Jonathan Mathews, Richard Cox, Samuel Groom, Anthony Stratton, John Cary, Josiah Bacon, John Blackall, John Browne, Edward Littlepage [several others from British State Papers, American and West Indies, No. 512; and McDonald Papers, Vol Vii, pp 251, 252, Va. State Library]. Among the other English merchants who were engaged in the trade with Virginia were the following: [Listed several from York. . . Lower Norfolk–William Bird of Bristol, Nathan Stainesmore, William Atterbury of London, Francis Wells, Thomas Meriwether, Joseph Knott, John Munyon, John Kick, Isaac Merritt, James Harris (some of these merchants refer to themselves now as of England, and now as of Lower Norfolk); . . . Accomac . . . Rappahannock . . . Middlesex - William Twigg of Dublin, Daniel Stoodeley of London, Francis Moore of Dublin, George Lee, Roger Burrough, Gawin Corbin, Edward Hill, John Bowles, Perient Trott, Richard Wilson, John Jeffreys, James Cary, William Crip, all of London; Richard Lonnon of Dublin, Henry Ashton of Liverpool, John Goodwin, Jonathan Mathews, John Taylor . . . Lancaster . . .Northampton . . . The estates of many of these merchants at their deaths were inventoried in Virginia, showing that they were property holders if not residents at one time of the colony. Thomas Chitwood is referred to sometimes as of Lancaster, and sometimes as of England. "Some from being wool hoppers and of meaner employment in England," remarks the author of Leah and Rachel, "have in Virginia become great merchants and attained to the most eminent advancement the Country afforded." p. 20, Force’s Historical Tracts, vol. III.

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Economic History of Virginia, pp. 438-439

The English Government apparently did not oppose the construction in the Colony of sea-going vessels, provided that their cargoes were made subject to the usual duties. In 1697, the ships were constructed in Virginia by Bristol merchants who were influenced to build there by a consideration not only of the fine quality of the timber, but also of the comparatively small cost entailed in the performance of the work. Among the principal shipwrights in Virginia in the seventeenth century were John Meredith, John and Robert Pritchard of Lancaster, Abraham Elliott, Richard Yates, and John Ealfridge of Lower Norfolk. Meredith was in possession of large tracts of land which he acquired by purchase or by original grant. The estate of John Pritchard was appraised at four hundred and eighty-two pounds sterling, exclusive of all tobacco due him. This last item amounted to 101,307 pounds. Ealfridge devised a plantation to each of his two sons. The estate of Richard Yates was valuable in personal and real property alike. Elliott was an owner of lands both in Virginia and England. (Records of Lower Norfolk, original vol. 1666-1675, p. 9. Among other shipwrights residing in Lower Norfolk County, who were owners of land, were Nicholas Wise, John Creekman, Isaac Seaborne, John Tucker, Quintillian Gutterick, Roger Houseden, Edward Wilder; in Rappahannock, Simon Miller, who, on one occasion, bought 625 acres in one tract (Records of Rappahannock County, 1668-1672, p. 139, Va State Library), John Griffin; in Lancaster, William Edwards; in Northampton, Walter Price, Christopher Stribling; and in Elizabeth City, George and Jacob Walker.

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Economic History of Virginia, pg. 456-462.

Among the numerous artificers who were found in the list of his servants and slaves, were spinners of the flax which he had produced in the cultivation of his own land. There were probably other planters, contemporaries of Captain Mathews, who made a similar use of the same plant obtained in a like manner, and this continued through the interval preceding 1681. In that year, we find Colonel Fitzhugh writing to Thomas Mathew and congratulating him on his progress in manufacturing and expressing the hope that it would be profitable, and at the same time, commending his example to all the landowners of the Colony.

Every tithable was required to produce either two pounds of flax, or Hemp, or one pound of each, every year, and the penalty for the neglect of this regulation was the forfeiture of fifty pounds of tobacco. To ensure its performance, the heads of families and the overseers of servants and slaves were directed, before the annual levy was made, to appear before the nearest justice of the peace, and give in for each tithable under him, the amount of dressed flax or hemp prescribed by law.

Whether this was the case or not, the inventories placed on record in the county courts in the period between the repeal of the law and its reeanctment show that there were few of the more important households in the Colony, in this interval, in which linen-stuffs were not manufactured for domestic uses. Linen-wheels are frequently enumerated.

Among the manufactures of line in Middlesex were Ralph Wormeley, who, in 1684, brought into court one hundred pounds of dressed flax fit for the spindle; Captain Henry Creyk, who presented seven yards of cloth; and Richard Parrott, who presented thirty-five yards.

Colonel Mathews, perhaps the leading citizen of Virginia in 1646, not only spun linen from flax, but also wove cloth of wool. In the list of his employees there appear a number of artisans for this purpose. In 1656, the authority was given to Northampton County to pass laws to promote and govern its own manufactures, among which the woollen were probably of importance.

If any person who had knowledge of the fact that a certain quantity of wool and woolfels were to be exported seized upon, he was entitled to one-half of it as a reward for furnishing information as to its prospective illegal removal.

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Economic History of Virginia, pg. 471.

The covenants into which Luke Mathews, a tailor of Hereford, entered with Thomas Landon of Virginia were probably fairly representative; Mathews bound himself to serve Landon for a period of two years, his term to begin when he reached the Colony; the remuneration was to be six pence a day when working for members of Landon’s family, but when for other persons, he was to be entitled to one-half of the proceeds of his labor, whatever it might be. ( Records of Middlesex County, original vol. 1694-1703, p. 14. Landon afterwards removed for a time to Carolina, and before doing so, entered into a second agreement with Mathews. See Ibid., p. 116.

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Economic History of Virginia, pg. 475.

In 1648, Samuel Mathews, in addition to having spinners and weavers among his servants and slaves, owned a tannery and employed eight shoemakers, a number so great that they must have been engaged in part in making shoes for sale.

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Economic History of Virginia, pg. 574-576.

... laborers had been offered fifty acres for every one he introduced, but an insignificant proportion of that class which formed the principal basis of the head right would have found their way to Virginia, and in the absence of that class, the destruction of the forest on a great scale would have been deferred for many decades. The head right ensured an enormous immigration of agricultural laborers, the tract of fifty acres being looked upon as a partial compensation at least for the expense of bringing in the servant. The West was settled by an influx of population which, under the homestead law, became at once a community of small landowners, but in Virginia in the seventeenth century, the mass of the inhabitants were men and women who had no interest in the soil. In spite of the fact that the average size of the patent sued out was not very considerable, the face of the country was in possession of only a section of the people.

The valuable inducements held out to men of means to become landowners in Virginia led to the emigration of a large number of Englishmen who represented the most refined elements of the mother country, and who were therefore anxious to introduce into their new communities all of those economic conditions to which they were accustomed on their native soil. They were compelled to follow a new system of agriculture, because they had not only to overcome the obstacle of a heavy growth of forest, but also to adapt their action to the needs of the tobacco plant, but in all the other departments of their economic affairs they adhered as far as possible to the methods and customs of England.

The Virginians, unlike the people of New England, were not compelled to seek purchasers for their main product; foreign shipmasters, with vessels loaded down with the greatest variety of merchandise, sailed directly up to the plantation wharves and there exchanged their goods for tobacco, or they placed these goods in the hands of factors who distributed them among the people in return for that commodity.

Beasts, birds, and fish were to be obtained in almost incredible quantities. There has never been a soil more admirably adapted to every species of vegetables than the soil of Virginia, even at the present day, after being under cultivation for nearly three hundred years.

The highest powers of the most capable men of the age were directed to do the accumulation of property. The country was new and was covered with forest: it required a concentration of thought and energy on the part of individuals to secure material success in the midst of such success was necessary if a foothold was to be won, and when won, maintained. The principal figures in the history of Virginia in the seventeenth century were men of the stamp of Samuel Mathews, George Menefie, Robert Beverley, Adam Thoroughgood, Ralph Wormeley, William Fitzhurgh, Edmund Scarborough, and William Byrd, men who were important, not because they filled high offices, but because they had gathered together great properties by planting and trading.

Obviously there is ample evidence toward a Lodowick Matthews or Lodowick Pruden ancestry being a part of these merchant/shipping families that traveled back and forth from New Amsterdam, Portsmouth, and the West Indies.

 

 

Lodowick as a Surname

Once the Lodowick Family Bible was studied, we turned to the International Genealogical Index to see if more information and evidence to guide us to clues of this name in our family. The following individuals and families were located:
 

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21 APR 1854 Frelinghuysen Twp, Warren, New Jersey female Loderwick born to Jonah Loderwick and Elizabeth IGI Christening Entry: C509771

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John F. Loderwick born about 1841 of, Forsyth, North Carolina

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Son of PIETER LODEWYK and MAREYTJE SCHANS, ANDRIES LODEWYK Gender: Male Christening: 08 NOV 1744 Reformed Dutch Church, Kinderhook, Columbia, New York - International Genealogical Index, C511011, 1718 - 1795 Film 0534198 [This is the family that linked to the family of Portsmouth.]

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Pieter Lodewyck found in Genealogical Records: New York, 1675-1920, Event: Lived in: 1731, Comments: Land Records, Source: Calendar of the N.Y. Colonial Manuscripts indorsed Land Papers - Extracts, Publisher: Weed, Parsons & Co., Publication Information: Albany, 1864, Page: 201 Province: New York

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Anneken Lodewyck De Jonge - International Genealogical Index / NA Gender: Female Death: About 1680 Brooklyn, Kings, New York

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Register of the Early Settlers of Kings County, Long Island New York, Page 63 Simon--m. 1st, Aug. 7, 1655, Annetje Lodewyck, who d. prior to July 8, 1682; m Simon (sup. Van Huyse), from Groningen--and this may be the above Simon--m. 1st, Aug. 7, 1655, Annetje Lodewyck, who d. prior to July 8, 1682; m. 2d, June 30, 1686, Tryntje Gerrets. Resided in Brn. Will da. July 8, 1684, rec. p. 5, Lib. 1 (copy) of Con. Issue:--Grietje, bp. July 29, 1657; Engeltie, bp. Sept. 15, 1658, in N. A.; Janneke, bp. Dec. 5, 1660; Claes, bp. Nov. 27, 1661; Lysbeth, bp. May 22, 1664; Peter; Lodowyck, bp. Apl. 25, 1666, in N. Y.; Jan, bp. Jan. 12, 1671; Margriet, b. Jan. 14, 1674--all bp. in Brn except those set forth as bp. in N. A. and N. Y.

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LODEWICK, HANS, obtained a patent Nov. 3, 1645, for land in Brn. On absconding, an inventory of his property in Brn was taken in 1648, as per p. 44 of Cal. of Dutch Man. and per p. 59 of Vol. III. of O'Callaghan's Man. Trans. of Dutch Man.

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Casparus Lodewyck christened 25 NOV 1787, Reformed Dutch Church, Kinderhook, Columbia, New York son of Casparus Lodewyck and SARA BUSCH, IGI, C511011 1718 - 1795 FHL film 0534198. [Tied into the family of the Portsmouth Bible.]

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MARIA LODEWYK born 09 SEP 1759 Dutch Reformed Church, Paramus, Bergen, New Jersey daughter of HENDRIK LODEWYK and ROSINA C505901 1740 - 1854 974.921 F1 V2R.

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Peter Lodwick marr Christina Rous [Roos] and had VA Bible Record]

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CASPARUS LODEWYCK who married MARIA SPOOR 18 JUL 1751 First Dutch Reformed Church, Albany, Albany, New York , International Genealogical Index M506191, 1750 - 1764, US/CAN 974.7 C4H 1907. [See Bible record on the CD.] They had:

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Johannes Lodewyck son of Casparus Lodewyck and Maria Spoor born 1752 [Jan 11 in VA Bible] Reformed Dutch Church, Kinderhook, Columbia, New York C511011 1718 - 1795 0534198. He married at Kinderhook NY on March 5, 1771 Elizabeth Miller. They had:

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Isaac Lodewick bap Kinderhock, NY, 9 Jan 1774 married at Schodack NY Dec 1800 to Leentie. They had a son.

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Simeon Lodewick born at Schodack NY on 13 May 1808. He had a son:

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Charles Casper Lodewick born 24 Dec 1847 [3 years later than that in the Bible. Yet the application papers were in with the Bible Papers?] at Schodack NY.

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Casper Lodewick born 1 Mar 1780 marr 1 Sep 1808 d 21 Apr 1837. He married Margaret Elliot b 1 Feb 1775 mar 1 Sep 1808 d 7 Dec 1851. They had:

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John Elliot Lodewick

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Henry C. Lodewick

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Margaret Lodewick

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William Lodewick

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Jane Ann Lodewick

In 1652 an Anthony Lodewyck was a soldier with the West Indies Company. [see printed page] Anthony Lodewyck found in New Netherland Vital Records, 1600's Listed in: Directory to Persons in New Netherland, 1600s

Gerrit, probably the son of John, was from Kampen, Overijssel, Netherlands. Machtelt was the widow of Anthony Lodewyck. She left Amsterdam, Holland on 19 Jun 1658 on the ship "Brownfish" and came to New Amsterdam. She was described on the passenger list as being familiar with agriculture. Gerrit is first mentioned on 26 Aug 1658 as a soldier. He was stationed in Kingston (Wiltwyck, Esopus) NY for the protection of the town. His brother Jacob was in the same company. Gerrit and Machtelt were in same company. Gerrit and Machtelt were in Kingston in 1661 when their only child was born. During the same year Gerrit was granted a lot in town, paid a church tax of 10 florint, paid an excise tax on wine and beer and was on the militia muster rolls. About 35 families were living in Kingston that year. Gerrit and Machtelt were in court a number of times in 1661. On 13 Sept 1661 Gerrit defaulted on an action brought by his wife to court. On 16 Nov 1661 he was sued by Femmetjen Alberts for 12 guilders and ordered to pay. He was sued by Getruyt Andrissen at the same time. On 6 Dec 1661 Machtelt was in court demanding a petticoat that she had loaned Altjen Constapel when she fled from her husband. By Mar 1662 Gerrit had moved from Kingston to Manhattan. He was still a soldier. He was involved in a dispute with Immetje Framsen over repairs to a house that he rented from her. He was in Manhattan on 11 Jun 1667 and again on 14 Jan 1668 when he was sued by Jan Smedes and Bartholomus Van der Schel. Gerrit moved to Flatbush, Brooklyn next. On 27 Dec 1668 he bought a house and lot there from Pieter Schoel for 975 florin. He was to take possession by 1 May 1669. On 5 Feb 1670 he sold this property to Jan Hermensen for 400 florin. In 1670 he was being sued in court again. On 12 Jan 1670 Tjtus Siericks and Julie Jans sued Gerrit for an unpaid saddle. Gerrit said that the quality was poor but he was ordered to pay. On 3 Mar 1670 Louys Jansen sued him for nonpayment on a horse. Gerrit had paid to tobacco but Louys Jansen said it was unusable. Gerrit was ordered to pay. Gerrit isn't found on any records after this. He may have gone back tu Ulster Co., NY where his son, Jan, was living but there isn't any record of this. On 6 Jun 1676 Machtelt was a baptismal witness in NYC. On 19 Aug 1688 she witnessed the baptism of her first granddaughter Elizabeth, in Kingston.

592. HANS PETER FABER, born 1612116; died January 18, 1687/88116. He was the son of 1184. BARTHEL FABER and 1185. KATARINA. He married 593. MARIA MARTHA Abt. 1637.

593. MARIA MARTHA, born Abt. 1615; died April 10, 1674.

Children of HANS FABER and MARIA MARTHA are:

296 i. JOHANN BAROLD FABER, born September 10, 1636 in Kirchberg, Rheinland, Preussen; died May 02, 1718 in Hunsruck, Simmern, Rheinland, Preussen; married ANNA MARGARETHA MOOG September 20, 1660 in Kirchberg Hunsrueck, Simmern, Rheinland, Preussen.

ii. Hans Peter Faber, born Abt. 1639; died June 16, 1699; married Anna Magdalena Viel September 18, 1666; born Abt. 1649; died Unknown.

iii. Johann Nikolas Faber, born Abt. 1641; died Unknown.

iv. Elisabet Margarete Faber, born Abt. 1650; died Unknown; married Johann Peter Viel September 18, 1666; born Abt. 1646; died Unknown.

[There were MOOG individuals in the land patent records]

Henry Lodewyke was a Seargeant in the Rev War from Renssaelaer Regiment., NY in Staats Co, and in Woodworths company

An Anthony Lodewyck was a soldier with the West India Company [Dutch]. He died before 1659.

Other documents covering the Lodowick family point their origins to Holland Holgate, Jerome B., American genealogy : being a history of some of the early settlers of North America and thier descendants, from their first emigration to the present time, with their intermarriages and collateral branches, including notices of prominent families and distinguished individuals, with anecdotes, reminiscences, traditions, sketches of the founding of cities, villages, manors, and progressive improvements of the country from its wilderness state to the present era ...Albany?: unknown, 1848, 251 pgs. Copied pages 16 and 17 about Hans Lodewyck..

 

 

Surname Approach

Loddiwick Mathews found in several sources which supported the web site address mentioned previously: Early Georgia Settlers, 1700s-1800s Listed in: Index to the 1830 Census of Georgia Page number: 312 Washington County p. 265.

p. 166 William Ritchie Jr. of Habersham Co to Loderick Mathews

of Upson County for $500 Lot 272 in the 23rd Dist.

Muscogee Co now Talbot 11-5-1827 They Were Here vol 6 No Author Call Number: F285.T44x vol.6 This book contains a quarterly Georgia genealogical magazine. Bibliographic Information: They Were Here vol.6. Privately Published. Georgia. 1970.

History of Upson County, Georgia 1824-1825 Lodrick Mathews was first settler in Upson Co witness Wm M. Reed., Macon, Ga.: Press of J.W. Burke Co., 1930, 1122 pgs.

Lodrick Mathews Jones born son of Thomas H. and Martha Tharp Jones was born 28 Apr 1850 in Twiggs Co., GA Cook, Anna Maria Green, History of Baldwin County, Georgia

Anderson, S.C.: Keys-Hearn Print. Co., 1925, 495 pgs.

Loderick Mathews found in:

Land Records: AL, AR, FL, LA, MI, MN, OH, WI, 1790-1907

Document number: 1354 Description number: 1

Number of acres: 40.0000 Accession number: AR2100__.270

Patentee Surname: Mathews Patentee given name: Loderick

State name: Arkansas

Volume: 2100 Page number: 270

Land office: Champagnolle Aliquot part reference: NENE

Section number: 7

Township: 17 South Range: 15 West

Meridian or special survey area: Fifth Principal Meridian

Title transfer authority: Sale-Cash Entries

Combined signature date: Nov. 1, 1852

Multiple patentees: N Multiple warrantees: N

Signature: Y Canceled document: N Subsurface rights reserved: N

Metes and bounds: N Fractional section: N

Lodrick Mathews found in:

Land Records: AL, AR, FL, LA, MI, MN, OH, WI, 1790-1907

Document number: 2147 Description number: 1

Number of acres: 79.8800 Accession number: AL1370__.050

Patentee Surname: Mathews Patentee given name: Lodrick

State name: Alabama

Volume: 1370 Page number: 50

Land office: Montgomery Aliquot part reference: W½NW

Section number: 3

Township: 18 North Range: 29 East

Meridian or special survey area: St. Stephens Meridian

Title transfer authority: Sale-Cash Entries

Combined signature date: Apr. 8, 1837

Multiple patentees: N Multiple warrantees: N

Signature: Y Canceled document: N Subsurface rights reserved: N

Metes and bounds: N Fractional section: N

Lodrick Mathews found in:

Land Records: AL, AR, FL, LA, MI, MN, OH, WI, 1790-1907

Document number: 14 Description number: 1

Number of acres: 319.7000 Accession number: AL5010__.075

Patentee Surname: Mathews Patentee given name: Lodrick

State name: Alabama

Volume: 5010 Page number: 75

Land office: Montgomery Aliquot part reference: E½

Section number: 36

Township: 19 North Range: 28 East

Meridian or special survey area: St. Stephens Meridian

Title transfer authority: Indian Allotment-General

Combined signature date: Mar. 15, 1839

Multiple patentees: N Multiple warrantees: N

Signature: Y Canceled document: N Subsurface rights reserved: N

Metes and bounds: N Fractional section: N

 

 

Military Records - War of 1812

Two were found in the War of 1812 Pension Paper. Has anyone ever searched these?

MATTHEWS, LODEWICK 59 REG'T (RIDDICK, JR'S,) VIRGINIA MIL. PRIVATE PRIVATE Roll box 134 Roll Extr 602

MATHEWS, LODEWICK 9 REGIMENT (SHARP'S) VIRGINIA MILITIA. PRIVATE PRIVATE 134 602

 


 

Colonial Matthews Families

The earliest Mathews in Virginia was Captain Mathews listed in court records in Jamestown in 1628. Ten years later Anthony Mathews was mentioned as being transported by a man who obtained land in the Isle of Wight Samuel Mathews was mentioned only in 1650 and 1651 with his land. Perhaps this was the Captain Mathews. There was also a Captain Matthews listed in the Brooklyn, New York records in this same time period of the 1650s.

Between 1653 and 1668 Anthony was in Isle of Wight records and received land in Southampton in 1664. This Anthony was married to Ann and he purchased land in 1660 in both Isle of Wight and Southampton. In 1685 a Richard and Anthony Mathews appear. The Anthony rec’d land in 1696 on Seward Swamp. This Anthony died in 1681.

In 1693 the widow Ann has married a Davis. Richard Mathews died in 1705/6 in Isle of Wight.

Anthony Mathews and Hugh Matthews appear to have been linked for they both received land in in the Isle of Wight then Hugh in 1715 received land in Southampton. In 1718 Richard Mathews has land in Isle of Wight. We returned to our spread sheet to see if a clue would surface. This division of land in Nansemond could account for the fact that Anthony’s land was divided in 1801. Anthony appeared in 1800 in North Carolina, Gates County, on the census but not in the other records. He appears to be owning land in two states.

What we learned from these new records was that during the year of birth of Lodowick in 1790 only one Mathews was in Nansemond County. That was Anthony Mathews. He owned land called "Gates" of 350 acres in Nansemond County. He appeared alone on the Nansemond County tax records between 1788 to 1801. However, if Lodowick was born earlier because of the earlier marriage found, then he could be related to Samuel or James Matthews.

Anthony Mathews was in the Allen district. In 1801 William Mathews appears in the Allen district with 239 acre. In 1802 William Mathews with 114 acres and Anthony Mathews with 125 acres appear totaling 239 acres. The other 111 acres were unaccounted for in the tax records. This implies that the land may have been sold, but with the loss of records, we are not sure just where it went. It could also imply that the Anthony Mathews possessing 350 acres may have been the father of the Anthony and William, and these two were sons, sharing a portion of the land, with the rest of the family living on the 111 acres. Yet why did they not pay taxes on it?

By 1815 the land is part of an estate for both men. James Mathews receives the land of Anthony Mathews, while William Mathews estate is divided into 100 acres for John Mathews, and 69 acres for Will Mathews. By 1819 adding all the acreage together there was 463 acres. Interesting. This would be the original 350 acres and the 114 acres owned by William Mathews. Why were they not included for so many years unless perhaps owned by the widow and not counted, owned by the father but he was not required to be taxed for either his position or his health.

Due to the individuals who were together in Nansemond, the spread sheet appeared to indicate that Lodowick had siblings James, William, Samuel and Anthony, Jr. all in Hall District, Nansemond County, Virginia. Lodowick himself appeared in 1815. He married Barbara Smith in 1814 so this would have been the first time he might have owned land to be taxed upon.

James appeared in light of the tax records to be a sibling to Lodowick. In fact the Lodowick of Gates County could be his son but the web site cited previously pointed to a Benjamin. This should be examined further in the future.

One Mathews family who was present in Isle of Wight, Southampton, and Nansemond Counties, Virginia, as well as Gates County, North Carolina was Anthony Mathews. Lodowick appears to have retained land owned by his father and passed down to him without recording it as he passes it on to this children (or recording it and having the records burn). But still no direct proof.

 

 

Final Miscellaneous Research Conducted

Searched for James Mathews born 1760 died bef 1840 of Virginia on Ancestry.com:

Mathews Silverthorn, James Anne

Spouse: Mathews, James

Silverthorn, Anne Marriage Date: 09 Feb 1787

Virginia

Brunswick County

Hardie Mathews, Elizabeth James

Spouse: Hardie, Elizabeth

Mathews, James Marriage Date: 10 Dec 1788

MATHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1800

County: Accomack County Record Type:

Township: 21001-21110-03 Page: 015

Database: VA 1800 Accomack Co. Federal Census

MATHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1840

County: Norfolk County Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Township: Portsmouth Page: 127

Database: VA 1840 Federal Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1783

County: Amherst County Record Type: Tax list

Township: No Township Listed Page: 047

Database: VA Early Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1820

County: Brunswick County Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Township: St. Andrew's Par Page: 019

Database: VA 1820 Federal Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1810

County: Hanover County Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Township: 00001-00000-00 Page: 58

Database: VA 1810 Federal Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1782

County: Hanover County Record Type: Continental Census

Township: 07 03 Page: 27

Database: VA Early Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1830

County: Hanover County Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Township: No Township Listed Page: 242

Database: VA 1830 Federal Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1810

County: Henrico County Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Township: 00100-20020-00 Page: 121

Database: VA 1810 Federal Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES B.

State: VA Year: 1830

County: Hanover County Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Township: No Township Listed Page: 209

Database: VA 1830 Federal Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES

State: VA Year: 1782

County: Isle of Wight County Record Type: Continental Census

Township: 06 00 Page: 30

Database: VA Early Census Index

MATTHEWS, JAMES B.

State: VA Year: 1840

County: Hanover County Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Township: No Township Listed Page: 121

Database: VA 1840 Federal Census Index

Virginia, Isle Of Wight County

Spouse: Brantley, Ann and Matthews, James Marriage Date: 12/13 Dec 1788

Virginia, Norfolk County

Spouse: Matthews, James and Porter, Ann[Mrs] Marriage Date: 22 Jul 1785

Lodewick as a Surname

LODEWICK ABRAHAM NY MONTGOMERY PALATINE 1800

LODEWICK GEORGE MD FREDERICK 3-DIST 1800

LODEWICK JOHN NY RENSSELAER SCHODACK 1800

LODEWICK PETER NY MONTGOMERY PALATINE 1800

LODEWICK ANDW 47 M M NY NY GREENE NEW BALTIMORE 1860

LODEWICK BERNARD 34 M W PRUS NY NEW YORK 10-WD NEW YORK CITY 1860

LODEWICK EVE 59 F W NY RENSSELAER SCHODACK 1860

LODEWICK FRANCIS 29 M W BELG NY NEW YORK 8-WD NEW YORK CITY 1860

LODEWICK HENRY 72 M W NY NY SARATOGA GREENFIELD 1860

LODEWICK HENRY C 48 M W NY RENSSELAER SCHODACK 1860

LODEWICK HENRY S 19 M W NY NY RENSSELAER GREENBUSH 1860

LODEWICK ISAAC 36 M W NY RENSSELAER SCHODACK 1860

LODEWICK JOHN E 51 M W NY NY RENSSELAER GREENBUSH 1860

LODEWICK JOHN M 57 M W NY NY NEW YORK 20-WD NEW YORK CITY 1860

LODEWICK KYER 33 M W NY RENSSELAER SCHODACK 1860

LODEWICK LARRY 77 F W NY NY RENSSELAER GREENBUSH 1860

LODEWICK SIMEON 52 M W NY NY RENSSELAER GREENBUSH 1860

LODEWICK STEPHEN 44 M W NY NY SARATOGA GREENFIELD 1860

LODEWICK WILLIAM 40 M W BAVA NY NEW YORK 14-WD NEW YORK CITY 1860

LODEWICK PETER NY MONTGOMERY OPPENHEIM 1810

Contact Lynn Hopewell: email: lynn@hopewell.org. Telephone: 540-349-2488. Mail: 7590 Cannoneer Ct., Warrenton, VA 20186.